What increases faster, prices or real output?
|Graph #1: Real Output relative to the Consumer Price Index|
From the late 1940s to the mid-60s, real output increased a lot faster than prices. Then, until the early 1980s, prices went up a lot faster (so the line on the graph goes down). Since then, they change at about the same rate.
This graph fascinates me because the trend-changes are so distinct.
// related post: Another look at prices and output, 1 June 2012